The Golden Oyster mushroom is native to eastern Russia, northern China and Japan. It is a wide-spread mushroom that has naturalized in many different Western and Northern Hemisphere regions with a prevalence in North America and other continents, growing readily on dead wood year-round and specifically flourishing in autumn forests, cascading in tight shelf-like patterns along dead hardwood deciduous trees.
Golden Oyster, Pleurotus citrinopileatus
Golden Oyster mushrooms (aka Yellow Oyster) have daffodil yellow, petal-shaped caps with ivory white stems. The flesh is white and can be thin or thick depending on size, regardless its texture maintains a meaty and melting quality. The aroma is fruity and reminiscent of an aged red wine, a quality that permeates with cooking. Golden Oyster mushrooms are best suited as a soup and stir fry mushroom or braising mushroom.
Cultivation Difficulty: Easy
Colonization/Fruiting Temperatures: 75-85F/70-85F
Recommended Substrate: Straw (wheat, rice or cotton), Sawdust (alder, maple, oak, poplar, elm, aspen or cottonwood). Alternative substrates being developed commercially are sugar cane bagasse, paper by-products, banana fronds, and peanut hulls. Every part of the coffee plant can be recycled growing Oyster mushrooms – from coffee grounds to the hulls, stalks, limbs, and leaves.
The possibilities are vast and great!
Oyster mushrooms contain ergothioneine, a unique antioxidant exclusively produced by fungi.
Oyster mushrooms contain significant levels of zinc, iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C, folic acid, Niacin, and vitamins B-1 and B-2. They boost the immune system and support healthy liver, kidneys and lungs.
All varieties of Oyster mushrooms can be used for successful mycoremediation, which is the process of growing mushrooms to clean the earth. Oyster mushrooms have been shown to clean soil of crude oil after oil spills, PCP (a wood preservative), wastewater and pesticide-contaminated wastes. The mushrooms not only degrade the pollutants in the soil or water, they also mineralize the pollutant so it will return to the air as ammonia, carbon dioxide, chlorine and water.
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